Venezuela Announces New Minimum Wage and Meal Benefit Increases

On January 9, 2017, Venezuela's President Nicolás Maduro announced a 50% increase in the monthly minimum wage for the private and public sectors, effective January 1, 2017.

Minimum Wage Increase

The new minimum wage has been set at 40,638.15 Venezuelan bolivars (VEF 40,638.15) per month and 1,354.60 bolivars (VEF 1,354.60) per day.

Cash Payment

The minimum wage must be paid in cash.  No other type of payment can be counted as part of the salary.

Fixed Amount for Mixed Salary

The fixed amount for an employee who receives a mixed salary1 cannot be less than the new minimum wage.  For example, if an employee receives a fixed salary, plus a variable salary or a fluctuating salary, this amount must not be lower than VEF 40,638.15 per month.

Minimum Amount for Pensions

The new minimum wage will also apply to pensions paid by the Venezuelan public administration and the Venezuelan Social Security Institute (“Instituto Venezolano de los Seguros Sociales” or IVSS).

Part-Time Work

An equivalent fraction for time worked will be paid pursuant to Article 172 of the Venezuelan Labor Law (known by “LOTTT,” the labor code’s acronym in Spanish).

Impact over Social Contributions and Employee Benefits

The economic impact of the minimum wage increase on social contributions and employee benefits under the Venezuelan labor regime is as follows:


Caps for Benefits

January 1, 2017

Day Care

5 times the minimum wage

Workers who earn a monthly salary equivalent to or lower than VEF 203,190.75 are entitled to a daycare benefit. Employers must pay 40% of the minimum wage per month, which is the equivalent of VEF 16,255.26, in order to comply with the benefit.  Payments are made directly to the institution providing the child care and are not deemed part of the employee’s salary.


Caps for Contributions

January 1, 2017

Social Security

5 times the minimum wage

Both employers and employees must contribute monthly to IVSS.  The employer is required to withhold and pay the employee’s contributions.  All contributions are computed as a percentage of the employee’s normal salary up to a maximum of five minimum monthly salaries (VEF 203,190.75). Employees are obliged to contribute 4% of their salary and employers must contribute between 9% and 11%, according to the occupational risk the law assigns to the employer’s business.

Unemployment Insurance

10 times the minimum wage

Contributions are also calculated based upon the employee’s monthly salary.  Employers must contribute an amount equal to 2% of the employee’s normal salary and must withhold the employee’s contribution, which is 0.5%.  The maximum taxable base for these purposes is 10 minimum monthly salaries (VEF 406,381.50).


Payment of a salary lower than that established by the Decree, or payment after the weekly or bi-weekly pay schedule, will result in a minimum fine of 120 tax units2 (VEF 21,240.00) to a maximum of 360 tax units (VEF 63.720,00).

See Footnotes

1 A "mixed salary" includes two components: (1) an hourly wage, commonly called a “fixed wage” or “fixed part” because the wage typically is kept at the same value and can vary only if the employee has worked a large amount of overtime, and (2) an amount set by piecework. The latter component is commonly called a “variable wage” or “variable part.” 

2 A "tax unit" is an amount that links benefit increases to tax rates and penalties, instead of fixing them in local currencies and subjecting them to inflation indexes.

Information contained in this publication is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice or opinion, nor is it a substitute for the professional judgment of an attorney.