On March 23, 2020, the U.S. Department of Transportation issued Guidance on compliance with DOT drug/alcohol testing regulations for employers concerned about their ability to meet regulatory testing requirements during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The U.S. Supreme Court has held that a but-for causation standard applies to claims brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1981, and that this standard applies throughout the lifetime of the litigation, including the initial pleading stage.
On March 23, 2020, Oregon Governor Kate Brown issued an Executive Order requiring all individuals to stay home to the maximum extent possible and closing certain retail, childcare and other service-oriented businesses.
On March 23, 2020, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam issued Executive Order 53, which places restrictions on the operation of nonessential retail businesses from 11:59 p.m., Tuesday, March 24, 2020 through 11:59 p.m., Thursday, April 23, 2020.
On March 23, 2020, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker issued an executive order mandating the shutdown of the physical workplace and facilities for non-essential businesses starting at noon on March 24, 2020 and ending on April 7, 2020.