Ruth N. Dapper is a skilled litigator, defending employers and management against employment lawsuits in federal and state court, as well as in arbitrations and administrative proceedings.

Ruth’s litigation practice addresses a range of issues, including:

  • Class actions (e.g., meal periods and rest breaks, minimum wage, overtime, misclassification, wage statements, unfair competition law)
  • Private Attorneys General Act (PAGA) representative claims
  • Single-plaintiff lawsuits (e.g., discrimination, harassment, wrongful termination, retaliation, whistleblower, trade secrets, breach of contract)
  • Administrative proceedings before the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, California Division of Labor Standards Enforcement, and California Department of Fair Employment & Housing

Ruth has successfully opposed class certification in federal court, obtained summary judgment in federal and state court on putative class actions, and secured judgments at the pleadings stage in both federal and state court.

In addition to federal and state court, Ruth also represents clients in arbitration forums (including American Arbitration Association and JAMS). As part of her arbitration practice, Ruth has successfully moved to compel arbitration in several instances, and has obtained summary judgment in the arbitration forum.

As a complement to her litigation practice, Ruth counsels employers on issues regarding California and federal law. Ruth’s counseling practice extends to issues such as:

  • Handbooks and employment policies
  • Hiring, terminations, and reductions in force
  • Accommodation issues and leaves of absence
  • Workplace trainings

In addition to her private practice, Ruth also regularly writes articles on legal topics, and has had her work published in national publications, including the Federal Courts Law ReviewThe Federal Lawyer, and The Bencher. One such article has been cited in several federal court decisions, by flagship law reviews of multiple law schools, referenced by a federal treatise, and reprinted internationally. In addition to national publications, Ruth has authored articles featured in the flagship state bar publications of approximately ten states.

Before joining Littler, Ruth served in the state and federal courts. Ruth served as judicial clerk to District Judge Anthony J. Battaglia of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, Magistrate Judge Jeanne J. Graham of the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota, and Judges Wilhelmina M. Wright (now a federal district judge) and John P. Smith of the Minnesota Court of Appeals.

Ruth graduated magna cum laude from law school. She earned several Dean’s Awards, recognizing her as the top student in her Employment Discrimination, Federal Jurisdiction, Constitutional Law, First Amendment, Transactional Drafting, Bankruptcy Clinic, and Wrongful Convictions classes.


Professional & Community Affiliations


Louis M. Welsh American Inn of Court


Lawyers Club of San Diego


Association of Business Trial Lawyers


Named, Rising Star


Super Lawyers

News, Analysis & Press

Speaking Engagements

Perspectives on Disabilities

U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota In-Court Seminar



  • J.D., University of St. Thomas School of Law, 2012magna cum laude
  • B.A., University of Minnesota, 2009With High Distinction

Bar Admission



  • U.S. Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit
  • U.S. District Court, Southern District of California
  • U.S. District Court, Central District of California
  • U.S. District Court, Northern District of California
  • U.S. District Court, Eastern District of California
  • U.S. District Court, District of Minnesota