EEOC Anti-Harassment Litigation, Enforcement Efforts See Dramatic Increase

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's (EEOC) litigation program brought 66 lawsuits alleging workplace harassment (41 alleging sexual harassment) in FY 2018, a more than 50% increase over the prior year, Acting Chair Victoria A. Lipnic announced in a report issued by the agency on October 4, 2018. Charges filed with the agency alleging sexual harassment increased by more than 12% over that same period, and the EEOC found cause to believe unlawful harassment had occurred in nearly 1,200 charges filed, an almost 25% increase over FY 2017. The agency recovered nearly $70 million for victims of sexual harassment, up from $47.5 million in FY 2017. 

The announcement underscores the EEOC’s continued focus on eliminating unlawful workplace harassment in the #MeToo era. In its Strategic Enforcement Plan (SEP) for fiscal years 2017-2021, the agency identified the prevention of harassment as one of its key enforcement priorities. Harassment was also identified as a top priority in its prior SEP.  In 2015, Acting Chair Lipnic and Commissioner Chai Feldblum co-chaired the EEOC’s Select Taskforce on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace, which issued in 2016 a comprehensive report including data analysis, trends, and recommendations for policy, training, and investigation efforts for employers.

Other highlights of the report include:

  • In April 2018, the EEOC created a Harassment Prevention Action Team, to “provide internal coordination on harassment efforts across the agency’s offices and programs”;
  • Hits on the sexual harassment page of the EEOC’s website more than doubled in the past year; and
  • The EEOC plans to implement a new training program for all EEOC investigators using “a cognitive interviewing approach” and will begin an outreach campaign encouraging reporting of harassment.

The new report suggests that the EEOC will continue to see increased charges of harassment, and that the agency will continue to prioritize anti-harassment enforcement efforts. Employers are advised to review their own anti-harassment policies and procedures to ensure that they are current, in line with federal, state, and local requirements, and are keeping pace with rapidly-changing laws in this area. Failure to do so can significantly compromise an employer’s defense if it is faced with a charge of harassment.

Information contained in this publication is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice or opinion, nor is it a substitute for the professional judgment of an attorney.